Saturday, May 06, 2017

Hamas Accepts 1967 Borders

Two new political developments in Gaza signal a possible breakthrough in the long-standing conflict between Palestinians and Israelis: the election of a new leader of Hamas’s political bureau who promises a “new Hamas” that is more “dynamic and open-minded;” and a policy document, two years in the making, that advocates a more moderate stance toward Israel.

 Ismail Haniya, the new political bureau chief who is described as open to compromise and willing to talk, has a long history in Palestinian politics. 

Born in Gaza in 1962 to parents who fled their homeland when Israel was created in 1948, Haniya was jailed multiple times in the late 1980's during the First Intifada, a largely nonviolent uprising, and later deported to Lebanon. 

Haniya rose to political prominence in 2006, when he led Hamas to a shock election victory over Mahmoud Abbas, the head of the Palestinian Authority. 

Haniya stepped down from the post of Prime Minister in 2014 after a reconciliation between Hamas in Gaza and Fatah in the West Bank.

Just days before Haniya’s election as political bureau leader this spring, Hamas unveiled an important new political document that accepts the formation of a Palestinian state along the 1967 borders with Jerusalem as its capital and the return of refugees to their former homeland. 

However, the position paper does not fully recognize Israel, nor does it give up its goal of liberating all of Palestine. Despite these confusing contradictions, the document does signal important changes, notably greater unity among Palestinians. 

According to Professor Mohammad Abu Saada of Gaza’s al-Azhar University, “Hamas is trying to walk a fine line between its hardliners and its own moderates. In one way, the moderates can say they accepted a Palestinian state on the 1967 borders, but the hardliners can still say they are not recognizing Israel.”

The new document also attempts to calm the fears and distrust of Israelis, affirming that the Palestinian struggle is not with the Jewish people or the Jewish religion, but rather, it is against the “Zionist project” -- the Israeli state and its citizens who occupy Palestinian lands. 

So far, however, the Israeli political leadership is not willing to budge. Israel rejected the document even before it was made official, calling it an attempt by Hamas to trick the world into believing it was becoming a more moderate group.

In the U.S., where presidents have long desired to create a lasting peace between Israelis and Palestinians, Donald Trump is no exception. But his upcoming visit to Israel, theoretically about combating religious extremism and advancing peace, is likely to inflame tensions further, given his choice of the location of his major speech, the hilltop fortress of Masada, one of the ultimate symbols of Zionist nationalism. This is the spot where, in the first century, 960 Jewish rebels chose to commit suicide rather than die at the hands of Roman army. 

Monday, April 10, 2017

A Loving Solidarity

Excerpts from an Easter Message from Jean Zaru, Ramallah Friends Meeting 

From the land of Palestine, I extend loving greetings to you as sisters and brothers, both near and far. For Palestinian Quakers, Resurrection is a time of joy, hope and sharing. In Palestinian households, we bake small cakes for this occasion which are rich in symbolism. 

Even though the cakes themselves taste sweet, their shape represents the last bitter moments before Jesus’ torturous death.  We transform ring-shaped cakes filed with dates into crowns of thorns. Another type of cake is filled with walnuts and shaped like the vinegar soaked sponge, which instead of water, was offered to Jesus on the Cross. These cakes are baked by Christians and Muslims alike for their respective special occasions. 

With similar import, eggs are naturally dyed a deep red color to represent the blood of Christ. Colored eggs are the joy of children and adults alike, who exclaim "Christ is Risen!" when cracking them open. . .

We learn through scripture that Jesus was a mystic. He had vivid and frequent experiences with the Spirit. He was a remarkable healer, wisdom teacher, and social prophet. An outspoken critic of the domination system, Jesus was also an organizer, an initiator of inclusive movements that shattered the social boundaries of his time. 

While interpreting Jesus in purely political terms does not allow us into a full understanding, we may also reduce his message if we exclude the political dimensions of his life, death and resurrection. 

Our struggle against the inter-related threats of oppression, violence, warfare and the destruction of the environment can be and should be understood as one struggle – a struggle for life." 

About Ramallah Friends Meeting 

There has been an active and vibrant Palestinian Quaker community in Ramallah since the late 1800’s. In 1910, this community built the Ramallah Friends Meetinghouse and later added another building that was used for community outreach.
The Ramallah Friends Meeting has always played a vital role in the community. In 1948, the buildings and grounds became the home to many Palestinian refugees. Throughout the years, the members of the Ramallah Friends Meeting organized numerous community programs such as the Children’s Play Center, the First Day School, and women’s activities.
By the early 1990’s, the Meetinghouse and Annex which housed meeting rooms and bathroom facilities, fell into disrepair as a result of damage inflicted by time and impact of conflict. So serious was the deterioration of the meetinghouse that by the middle 1990’s it was impossible to use the building at all.
A further blow to the Friends and the wider Palestinian community was the high level of emigration brought on by the economic situation and the hardships arising from the continuing Israeli military occupation. The Meetinghouse, which had served as a place of worship for the Friends in Ramallah, could no longer be used as such and the Annex could no longer be used for community outreach.

In 2002, a committee consisting of members of the Religious Society of Friends in the U.S. and the Clerk of the Ramallah Meeting began to raise funds for the renovations of the buildings and grounds of the Meetinghouse. By November, 2004 the renovations were complete, and on March 6, 2005, exactly 95 years to the day after the dedication, the Meetinghouse and Annex were rededicated as a Quaker and community resource. 

Friday, February 03, 2017

The 8 most significant BDS Wins in 2016

The Palestine BDS National Committee announces the eight most significant indicators of BDS impact in 2016:

1.Three more multinationals ended their involvement in illegal Israeli projects. Orange, the French Telecommunications giant, announced the termination of its franchise relationship with the Israeli company Partner Communications, which provided telecommunication support, subscription fee waivers, and entertainment services to Israeli soldiers during the 2014 war on Gaza. 
    The Irish building materials corporation CRH sold off its 25% equity stake in its Israeli operation, Nesher Cement, over links to Israel's illegal Wall and settlements on Palestinian land. 

G4S, the world's largest private security company, ended most of its involvement in illegal Israeli business. Considered a top BDS target for years due to its provision of products and services to Israeli prisons, police, military roadblocks and illegal colonies, G4S severed ties with Israel after it lost lucrative contracts or faced prominent divestment decisions in Kuwait, Norway, South Africa, Colombia, the European Union, Jordan, Lebanon, and the U.S.

    2. The European Union upheld the right to boycott Israel as a legitimate form of freedom of expression protected by European Human Rights Conventions. Previously, the right to boycott had been supported by Sweden, Ireland, and the Netherlands, as well as Amnesty International, the ACLU, the International Federation of Human Rights, and hundreds of political parties, trade unions and social movements around the world.

3. Municipal Councils in France, Norway, and Northern Ireland joined BDS, while in the U.S., Portland, Oregon became the first U.S. city to endorse divesting from Caterpillar. 

4.  Israel’s global isolation intensified as appeasement began to give way to sustained international pressure: 

    The UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2334: Israel’s settlements built on occupied Palestinian land constitute a “flagrant violation under international law.” Even though the US abstained from the UN decision, current polls indicate that 46% of the public and 60% of Democrats supported imposing sanctions or taking more drastic measures against Israel to compel it to end its colonization of Palestinian lands. 

Similarly, the U.N. Human Rights Council decided to create a database of Israeli and international corporations that are complicit in and profiting from Israel’s occupation. This remarkable development has made many companies nervous about their own involvement in Israel’s violations of international law.  

5. More mainstream churches around the world adopted BDS-related measures in support of Palestinian human rights. These are: the United Congregational Church of Southern Africa, the United Methodist Church, the Catholic Conference of Major Superiors of Men, the Presbyterian Church USA, The Alliance of Baptists, the Peace United Church of Christ in Santa Cruz, and the Unitarian Universalist General Assembly (US).

6. The BDS campaign against Hewlett Packard went viral.
A global Week of Action was organized around November 29, the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, to hold HP accountable for providing technology that enables Israel’s system of occupation and racial segregation. The spread of the HP boycott actions exceeded all expectation. Over 150 actions were organized in 101 cities across 30 countries.

  7. The academic and cultural boycott of Israel spread further among student unions, academics, artists, and writers, especially in the Global South. Groups in 225 cities and university campuses registered their participation in Israeli Apartheid Week. 

8. International trade 
unions intensified support 
for BDS measures in 
solidarity with Palestinian

Of course, Israel's right wing 
    took exception to all this. Oh well...

Tuesday, December 06, 2016

Hooray! A BIG BDS Win!

G4S, the security company that has long been a target of Boycott, Divest and Sanctions activism, has sold most of its business with Israel, where it had been extensively involved in Israel's notorious prison system, and provided services to Israeli checkpoints and illegal settlements on Palestinian land. 

Pressure from BDS campaigns worldwide, including educating the public about G4S activities, and persuading individuals and religious and civil institutions to withdraw their investments in the company, has caused enormous damage to G4S's reputation and cost it millions of dollars in lost contracts.

Step by step, sometimes slowly, sometimes with sudden victories like this one, BDS is working around the world, wherever G4S and similar corporations repress the most vulnerable.

For even though G4S has found it unprofitable to continue to do most of its business in Israel, the company still deals in oppression worldwide.

In the U.S. alone, G4S played a role in the repression of the Standing Rock Sioux water protectors.

G4S still aids ICE and Homeland Security with immigrant deportations. 

G4S still runs youth detention facilities and provides prison technology as part of the U.S. prison industrial complex.  

"Two things have never been clearer," says the U.S. Campaign for Palestinian Rights. "(1) BDS works. and (2) We have a lot more work to do."

Congratulations to activists and institutions around the world that have been a part of the Stop G4S campaign, illustrating the tremendous ability of grassroots organizing to impact multinational corporations and send the strong message that profiting from oppression is not so profitable after all. Now -- on to the next big win!

Thursday, November 17, 2016

Resisting the Rising Tide of Oppression

“The election of Donald Trump was an earthquake that changed the face of the planet, writes Israeli political columnist, Uri Avnery. In the U.S. personal threats to Muslims, Jews, and people of color, already on the rise before the end of the presidential campaign, have spiked in the days after the election. A Palestinian-American Quaker writes on Facebook, “Folks in Palestine messaging me to stay safe. Let that sink in.”

On the University of Michigan campus, racist posters and fliers demeaning African Americans, Jews, Muslims, and women have been stapled to kiosks and slipped into dormitories in the dead of night. Last week a white man approached a young Muslim woman and told her he would set her on fire with his cigarette lighter if she didn’t remove her hijab. Twitter accounts of activists have been filled with vile messages from the “alt-right,” emboldened by the blatant racism and xenophobia of the Trump campaign.

But Donald Trump’s “unique mixture of megalomania, showmanship and mass appeal,” as Avnery puts it, is not unfamiliar to Israelis. After last year’s elections, Avnery writes, “Israel was overrun by a band of far-right politicians, like a pack of hungry wolves. Men and women without charm, without dignity, possessed by a ravenous hunger for power.”

These politicians are challenging the Tel Aviv "old elites," just as Trump has set the U.S. public against Washington. The worst of them are inciting interpersonal hatred and resentment: “Jewish citizens against Arab citizens, Israelis of Eastern descent against Ashkenazis of European descent, the uncultured against the cultured, and the poor against all others, tearing apart the delicate ties of Israeli society.” 

Yet such rabble rousing and intimidation pales in comparison with the larger, more impersonal forces that isolate, exclude, and diminish whole populations based on their social or religious identities.

In the U.S., we hear loose talk about the new administration compiling a vast and detailed registry of immigrants from Muslim countries, incarcerating or deporting up to three million undocumented immigrants from Mexico and other Latin American countries, and turning mass incarceration into a lucrative business.  

In Israel/Palestine, the far-right is threatening to retroactively legalize settlements on Palestinian lands, and to continue to escalate the violent repression of Palestinians in the Occupied Territories. 

Such large scale oppression is facilitated by technology – impersonal in itself, but political when put to human use.

Hewlett Packard, the global technological giant, is using its expertise not only to supply ink to millions of ordinary folks’ printers, but also to identify and suppress dissidents, censor information, and supervise and control restive populations around the world.

In the U.S., HP technology is being used by the Department of Homeland Security to track, raid, detain, and depart millions of immigrant families on a scale unprecedented in US history. HP tracks data essential for the continued incarceration of millions of black, Latino, Native American, and impoverished people, as well as for widespread legal discrimination against former prisoners.

In Israel/Palestine, HP technology is being used to develop an automated biometric control system that allows Israel to obtain the full profile of virtually every Palestinian over the age of 16, including fingerprints, retinal scans, and facial recognition. Biometric ID cards facilitated by HP technology lay the technical foundation for Israel’s system of tiered citizenship, which assigns rights and privileges according to “nationality” – Jewish, Arab, or Bedouin. 

These ID’s form the basis of rampant discrimination in housing, employment, marriage, healthcare, education and policing.
Such a scale of technological control has brought forth a tactical, coordinated response from grassroots activists, religious and civil institutions, universities, and individuals around the world. The Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions Movement began in 2005 in response to Palestinian oppression. But now that activists recognize that global corporations and state institutions are repressing the vulnerable in similar ways around the world, the BDS movement has expanded.

This year, on November 25, the U.S.’s biggest shopping day of the year, and in the week that follows, BDS activists plan nonviolent actions in Palestine, Egypt, Malaysia, several Latin American countries, and all across Europe. In the U.S. the campaign has confirmation from Los Angeles, San Francisco, Sacramento, Chico, Santa Cruz, DC, Philadelphia, New York, and Boston, and are waiting to hear from Rochester, Atlanta, St. Louis, and Ithaca. Everywhere, it seems, activists are calling for economic boycott and divestment from HP and its insidious methods of and control.

In these perilous times, a strong, coordinated, nonviolent response to repression is essential. As Quakers, we hope readers will join in by personally boycotting HP, persuading schools and religious institutions to divest from HP, and educating government officials about the ways that institutional racism and bigotry can be so easily facilitated by the benign technology we rely on every day. 

Monday, May 23, 2016

An Open Letter to Hillary Clinton

Members and Attenders of Quaker Meetings can sign on to this letter by emailing Helen Fox Please mention the Meeting you attend. 

As Quakers, we are disappointed in your opposition to the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement and your unwavering support for the right wing government of the State of Israel, despite its unconscionable repression of the Palestinian people.

We understand that you think BDS stands in the way of peace negotiations between Israelis and Palestinians.

In your letter of May 9 to the Israel Action Network and the Jewish Federations of North America you explain that the movement aims to “punish” Israel by “dictating” how the two sides should resolve the core issues of the conflict. 

We respectfully disagree with this analysis. As you surely know, the balance of power has always been in Israel’s favor. 

Israel, a nuclear armed country with a modern military supported by $128 billion dollars in US aid since its founding, is pitted against smaller and smaller enclaves of Palestinians, now crowded into barely 15% of historical Palestine, harassed and dehumanized at checkpoints, deprived of work, food, water, building materials, travel, health care – everything that human beings should enjoy.

The fact that Palestinian civil society has called for a powerful, nonviolent, international response to this untenable situation should be understandable.

As you may know, Quakers have been serving since the 1880s in Palestine, where we have had the opportunity to learn from and appreciate the Palestinian people, their culture, their work ethic, and their resilience in the face of suffering.

We respectfully suggest that as someone who hopes to act as a fair negotiator, you should avail yourself of every opportunity to do the same.

You often reminisce that when you and Bill visited Israel for the first time three decades ago, you walked the ancient streets of Jerusalem’s Old City and fell in love with the country and its people.

We believe you will be a better negotiator if you allow yourself to fall in love with the Palestinian people as well.

It is not hard to do.

Spend time with families, visit people’s homes, enjoy their magnificent hospitality, listen to their stories about their daily lives, learn a bit of Arabic, appreciate the humor, the children’s games and stories, the music, the beautiful embroidery, the olive harvest, the importance Palestinians place on education.

Learn, too, about the terror so many have experienced, the physical and emotional trauma of scores of children, the displacement from their ancestral homes and villages, the erasure of their suffering from the eyes of Israelis on the other side of the “separation wall."

We know this is not how diplomacy usually works. But we believe the world is ready for a new way of addressing human disagreements that result in violence and war. If you spend significant time experiencing the lives and perspectives not just of the Israelis, but of the Palestinians as well, you will be able to move negotiations forward in ways that both sides will ultimately see as fair.

As Quakers, we yearn for an end to this terrible conflict that has spawned such hard feelings between good people. 

We ask you to act with integrity in the critical work that you do.

Dr. Helen Fox (Michigan)
Edward Morin (Michigan)
Ruth Zweifler (Michigan)
Anne Remley (Michigan)
Marilyn Churchill, MA (Michigan)
Karen Deslierres (Michigan)
Sara Koopman (Canada)
James Koopman (Michigan)
Ruth Carey (Michigan)

Steve Chase (Pennsylvania)
Maia Carter Hallward (Georgia)
Jan Wright (Michigan)
Elizabeth Block (Canada)
Joan Sampieri (Michigan)
Al Connor (Michigan)
James Crowfoot (Michigan)
Stephen Zunes (California)
Joyce Rawitscher (Connecticut)
A.M. Fink (Iowa)
Deborah Fink (Iowa)
Dr. Linda Wotring (Michigan)
Alex McDonald (Texas)
Jonathan Avery Wright (New Mexico)
Donald MacGregor (Michigan)
Nancy E. Taylor (Michigan)
Rebecca Hatton, Ph.D. (Michigan)
Letitia W. Ufford, Ph.D. (New Hampshire)
Mary Day Kent (Pennsylvania)
David Zarembka (Kenya)
John Steinmeyer (Florida)

Kristine Stroad Moore (Washington)
Ruth Havighurst Neff (Indiana)
Samuel Holton Neff (Indiana)
Kristina Kenegos (Washington)
Cliff Bennett (Vermont)
Dorlan Bales (Kansas)
Rose Law Miller (Pennsylvania)
Andrew Zweifler, MD (Michigan)
Marlena Santoyo (Pennsylvania)
Jim Best, MA, CCC-SLP

Roger Conant (Massachusetts)
William Riccobono (Michigan)
Arlene Kelly (Pennsylvania)
Max L. Carter (North Carolina)
Jane D. Carter (North Carolina)
Kristin Loken (West Virginia)
William Zakee McGill (West Virginia)
Shawn Donovan (New Hampshire)
Elizabeth Bullard Morse (New Hampshire)
Catherine Miles Grant (Vermont)
Phebe McCosker (New Hampshire)
Dr. William B. Telfair (West Virginia)
Carol Perera Weingeist (New Hampshire)
Anne Ogren (Michigan)
Sandra Stephens (New Hampshire)
Mary Linares (New Hampshire)
Bob Schultz (New Hampshire)
Scott Rhodewalt (Massachusetts)
Bess Klassen-Landis (New Hampshire)
Susan Rhodewalt (Massachusetts)
Peggy Daub (Michigan)
Todd Kummer (Wisconsin)
Cassandra Dixon (Wisconsin)
Joan Raducha (Wisconsin)
Louise Lund (Wisconsin)
Laura Ward Good (Wisconsin)
Meg Skinner (Wisconsin)
Hilda Kuter (Wisconsin)
Annemarie Carr (Delaware)
Cendra Lynn (Michigan)
Lynn Drickamer (Michigan)
Anne Carpenter (Michigan)
Thomas W. Blackwell (Michigan)
Arthur C. Wolfe (Michigan)
John A. Rasumussen (Michigan)
Robert Boyle (Michigan)
Sherry Hutchison (Iowa)
John G. Deikis, Ph.D. (Michigan)
Johanna MacNee (Idaho)
Joann F. Elder (Wisconsin)
Joseph W. Elder (Wisconsin)
Herb Beskar (Virginia)
Sallyann Garner (Florida)
Sarah Hernandez (Florida)
Elizabeth Stokes (New Jersey)
Kathleen Ranlett Mock, M.A. (California)
Steve Livingston (North Carolina)
Elizabeth Wood (Pennsylvania)
Ingrid Hogle (California)
Kenneth Southwood (Texas)
Janet L. Owen (Illinois)
Helena Cobban (North Carolina)
John Bach (Massachusetts)
Ruth Podolin (New Jersey)
Jerry Taylor (Pennsylvania)
Linda Lotz (New Jersey)
Bruce E. "Pacho" Lane (New York)
Skip Schiel (Massachusetts)
David Hadley Finke (Missouri)
Wilmer Rutt (Illinois)
Jane E. Houser (Texas)
Evan Welkin (Washington)
Meredith George (Illinois)
Michael C. Batinski (Illinois)
Helene Pollock (Pennsylvania)
Nancy Cirillo (Massachusetts)
Randolph Holladay (Utah)
Brayton Gray (Illinois)
Nancy Mackin (Washington)
Lorraine B. Claggett (Maryland)
Beverly England Williams (Massachusetts)
Maurine Pyle (Illinois)
Thomas Carlisle (New Mexico)

Robert Brooks (Florida)
Donna Schumann (Washington)
Margaret J. Nelson (Illinois)
Dorothy Gaydosh (Massachusetts)
Sarah McElroy, M.A.(Washington)
John Satzberg (Maryland)
Lorie Wood (Oregon)
David B. Fankhauser (Ohio)
Lois Jordan (Indiana)
Lorna Low (United Kingdom)
Marcy Bethelle Harman (Illinois)
Nahida H. Gordon (Ohio)
Bruce Thron-Weber (Colorado)
Spencer Putnam (Vermont)
Michael Conover (Illinois)
Neil Snarr (Ohio)
Kristin Brown (Illinois)
Gordon Davies (Virginia)
Elizabeth Sprague (Illinois)
John Gordon (Ohio)
Thomas S. Costello, Ph.D. (New York)
Maxine Kaufman-Lacusta (Canada)
Julie Anne Medjanis (Massachusetts)
George Matry Masselam (Massachusetts)
Jo Scott (United Kingdom)
Mark Chalk (United Kingdom)
Margaret Katranides (Missouri)
Zandra Moberg Price (Pennsylvania)
Cas Overton (Virginia)
Rhonda Ligon (Virginia)
Peter J. Eccles (United Kingdom)
Myra Ford (United Kingdom)

Dave Cundiff (Washington)
Wayland M. Hubbart (Washington)
Benjamin Hebner, Jr. (Virginia)
Julia B. Hebner (Virginia)
Katy Rugg, M.A. (Virginia)
Blair Seitz (Pennsylvania)
Sandra Green (Pennsylvania)
Peter Dale (Michigan)
Carolyn Stanley (Florida)
Mariette Norbom (Virginia)
Quinn Dilkes (Iowa)
Joyce Balderston (Ohio)
Phil Balderston (Ohio)
Jim McQuaide (New Mexico)
Eric J. Schiller (Canada)
Mary Fran Hughes-McIntyre (Virginia)
Sandy Moller (Michigan)
Peace and Social Concerns Committee of Friends Meeting at Cambridge, Massachusetts

Free Solomon Polazzo (Georgia)
Donald Saunders (United Kingdom)
Dr. Margaret Barker (United Kingdom)
Wayne Lee (Florida)
Christine Ashley (Iowa)
Geraldine Farrow (United Kingdom)
Katharine B. Johnson (Georgia)
Don Bender (Georgia)
Judy Bender (Georgia)
Clive Gordon (Georgia)
Mary Ann Mays (New York)
Richard Corl (Texas)
Linda Taffs (Canada)

Elizabeth Claggett-Borne (Massachusetts)
Dave Swindells (United Kingdom)
Elizabeth Lees (United Kingdom)
Martha Yager (New Hampshire)
Bill Mims (Virginia)
Sherry Monroe (Illinois)
Jim Fine (Pennsylvania)
Carol Barclay (New York)
Deborah Fine (Pennsylvania)
Maud Easter (New York)
Anne Liske (New York)
Gottfried Brieger (Michigan)
Gatewood West (Massachusetts)
George Capaccio (Massachusetts)
Shirley P. Wolfe (Michigan)
Marilyn Siegel (Michigan)
Karen L. Connor (Michigan)
Pat Micks (Michigan)
Carol Bechtel (Minnesota)
David Easter (New York)
Deena Kinsky (Massachusetts)
Dinah Starr (Massachusetts)
Lynne Cadman (California)
Robert Cadman (California)
Shaun McFee (Ohio)
Joe Mills (Michigan)
Linda Mills (Michigan)
Samuel Madeira (Pennsylvania)
Susan Madeira (Pennsylvania)
Elva L. Carter (California)
Gabi Clayton (Washington)

Kirsten Ebsen (Canada)
David Newlin (Michigan)
Carol Meyer-Niedzwiecki (Michigan)
Flo Friender (Michigan)
Karen Chadwick (Michigan)
Jeni Payton (Michigan)
Catherine A. Cammann (Michigan)
Jeff Cooper (Michigan)
Bert Skellie (Georgia)
Barbara K. Spring Ph.D. (New York)
Ian Harrington (Massachusetts)
Ruth Pauly (Wisconsin)
Alan Garnell (United Kingdom)
Robert Schellenberg (Michigan)
Jane Beck (Pennsylvania)
Daryl Hoopes, Jr. (Pennsylvania)
Stephanie Judson (Pennsylvania)
Philip Bogdonoff (Maryland)
Carolyn Gregory Ph.D. (Pennsylvania)
Lawrence Block (Montana)
Corrie Dorrington (Montana)
Lucretia Humphrey (Montana)
Sandra Schultz (Montana)
Jasmine Krotkov (Montana)
Galina Milohov (Montana)
Dorothy Starshine (Montana)
Mari McLean Ph.D. (Ohio)

Jessica Rettig (Ohio)
Linda Stagg Long (Ohio)
Peter Yff (Lebanon)
Alan Penn (United Kingdom)
Amy Beaumont (Michigan)
Richard P. Tucker (Michigan)
Rebecca Morehouse (Michigan)
Robin Lloyd (Vermont)
Jinchun Ma (Pennsylvania)
Janet Lamborn (Pennsylvania)

Photo by Skip Schiel 

Bob Stauffer (Hawaii)
Margaret Nielsen (Michigan)
Lucia Anne Kalinosky (Ohio)
Princewell Onwere (Michigan)
Tracy Davis (Colorado)
Mary Kay Kernan (Colorado)
Tom Kowal (Colorado)
Susan Wiley (New Mexico)
Phyllis Hoge (New Mexico)
Wyn Lewis (New Mexico)
Sara Keeney (New Mexico)
Ellen Ackerman (New Mexico)
Penelope Thron-Weber (Colorado)

Anna Darrah (New Mexico)
Mara Kelson (Colorado)
Nancy Dolphin (Arizona)
Barbara Stephens (Colorado)
Leslie Stephens (Colorado)
Ann Bunting (Colorado)
Rebecca Cecil (New Mexico)
Nancy Uhl (Colorado)
Susan Rose (Colorado)
Carlos Valen III (Arizona)
Siva Raver (New Mexico)

Janie Cravens (New Mexico)
Ann Anthony (New Mexico)
John A. Kretzmann (New Mexico)
Elaine Emily (California)
Katherine Young Meister (New Mexico)
Eugenia Durland (Colorado)
Henry R. Seltzers (New Mexico)
Robbyn Seltzers (New Mexico)
Matthew Serna (New Mexico)
Rachel S. Serna (New Mexico)
Jerel R. Peterson (Colorado)
Laura Peterson (Colorado)
Elizabeth Motz-Story (Colorado)
Sarah Tie (Colorado)
Miranda Ireland (Colorado)
Michael Baird (Colorado)
Jennifer L. Wellington (New Mexico)
James R. Summers (California)
Travis Erling (Ohio)
Roxanne Seagraves (New Mexico)
Eric N. Smith (Colorado)
Laurie Roberts (Colorado)
Judy Danielson (Colorado)
Eric Wright (Colorado)
Kay A. Bauman (Arizona)
Amanda Szabo (North Carolina)

Norma Seneca Cady (Iowa)
German Quiroga (Arizona)
Tom Vaughn (New Mexico)
Carrol Peabon (New Mexico)
Laurinda Anderson (New Mexico)
Rob Piersen (New Mexico)
Roni Sionakides (Michigan)
Ruah Swennerfelt (Vermont)
Joann Neuroth (Michigan)
Judith Morrigan (Michigan)
Bethany J. Styer (Michigan)
Susan Waltz (Michigan)
Paul C. Pratt (Michigan)
Victoria Hoelzer-Maddox (Michigan)
Patricia Graner (Michigan)
Mark Donovan (Michigan)
Marisa Tamari (Maryland)
Richard Morse (Pennsylvania)
Kenneth Woerthwein (Pennsylvania)
Kay Pickering (Pennsylvania)
Melissa Manning (Pennsylvania)
R. Miller (Pennsylvania)
William Pickering (Pennsylvania)
Nancy Alleman (Pennsylvania)
Irene Appleyard (Pennsylvania)
Isaac Miller (Pennsylvania)
Ted Huryn (Pennsylvania)
Carter Nash (Pennsylvania)
Ruth Hoover Seitz (Pennsylvania)
Robert Boyer (Pennsylvania)
Patricia E. Moore (Pennsylvania)
Vernie Davis (North Carolina)
Susan Adley-Warrick (North Carolina)
Linda Beaty (Ohio)
Scilla Wahrhoftig (Pennsylvania)
Shelley Kotz (Ohio)
Kathleen Helbling (Ohio)
Erika Smith (Michigan)
Samantha Smith (Michigan)
John Howell (Ohio)
Bob Roehm (Ohio)
Helen Howard Hebben (Michigan)
Winifred Covintree (Michigan)
Bill Warters (Michigan)
Margaret T. Walden (Ohio)
Leslie E. Walden (Ohio)
Joel Ottenbreit (Michigan)
Robert Orr (Michigan)
John R. Beaty (Ohio)
Michelle Ajamian (Ohio)
Brandon Jaeger (Ohio)
Elaine Ruscetta (Georgia)
Nadine Thompson (Michigan)
Linda J. Moody (Michigan)
David Rusch (Michigan)
Pam Hoffer (Michigan)
Phil Hoffer (Michigan)
Derney Hamilton (Michigan)
Polly Gibbons (Michigan)
Tom Munk (North Carolina)
Donald E. Hartley (Ohio)
Jean Turkish (Michigan)
Phillip Dilley (Indiana)
Palline Plum (Michigan)
Paul Krice (Indiana)
Mary Garman (Indiana)
Carol Anne Ferlanto (New Jersey)
Larry Habschmidt (Indiana)
David Dilley (Indiana)
Warnoek Davies (Indiana)

Gwendolyn Halsted (Indiana)
Michael Klein (Ohio)
Pauline Klein (Ohio)
Johanna Jackson (Pennsylvania)
Kersey Bradley (Pennsylvania)
Cathy Clifford (Michigan)
Dr. J. L. Underfer (Michigan)
Jamie Young (Ohio)
Robert Cooper (Oregon)

Members and Attenders of Quaker Meetings can sign on to this letter by emailing Helen Fox Please mention the Meeting you attend.